Francis Towne (1739 - 1816)
  • Cascade of Tivoli
ca. 1781
Pencil, watercolour
  • image width 555mm,
  • image length 779mm
single sheet with a vertical crease down its centre
  • sheet, recto
  • “Cascade. Tivoli / F.Towne delt / No.21 1781”
  • lower left
  • sheet, verso
  • “No21 / Cascade of Tivoli / Francis Towne”
Object Type

Catalogue Number
Description Sources
Examinaton; Wilcox 1997 (image)


Bequeathed by the artist in 1816 to James White of Exeter (1744–1825), on whose death it passed to Towne’s residuary legatee John Herman Merivale (1779–1844) and his successors. Merivale’s granddaughters Maria Sophia Merivale (1853–1928) and Judith Ann Merivale (1860–1945), both of Oxford, inherited the drawing in May 1915 (BP35). On 24 May 1921 they sold it to Agnew’s (no.9955) for £30 for onward sale the same day (for £350 with FT072, FT074, FT086, FT108, FT111, FT237, FT366, FT469, FT504) to the present owner, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery (Inv. 95'21).

Associated People & Organisations

Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, 24 May 1921, GBP 350, Inv. 95'21
Acquired with FT072, FT074, FT108, FT111, FT237, FT366, FT469, FT504
Thomas Agnew & Sons, London, 24 May 1921, GBP 30, no.9955
Judith Ann Merivale (1860 - 1945), Oxford, May 1915, BP35
Maria Sophia Merivale (1853 - 1928), Oxford, May 1915, BP35
John Herman Merivale (1779 - 1844), 1825
James White (1744 - 1825), Exeter, 1816
Exhibition History
English Eye II, Unidentified location, 1958, no. 37
Italian Exhibition, Rackham's, 1961
English Artists in Italy, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1968, no. 65
British Watercolours from Birmingham, Tokyo and tour, 1991
British Watercolours from Birmingham, Bankside Gallery, 1992, no. 26
Francis Towne, Tate Gallery; Leeds City Art Gallery, 24 June 1997 - 4 January 1998, no. 24
Adrian Bury, Francis Towne - Lone Star of Water-Colour Painting, Charles Skilton: London, 1962, p. 135
Paul Oppé, 'Francis Towne, Landscape Painter', The Walpole Society: London, 1920, p. 113


These are the Cascatelli at Tivoli.

by Richard Stephens

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