Description
Creator
Francis Towne (1739 - 1816)
Title(s)
  • Great Fulford
Date
1776/08/08
Medium
Pencil, pen and black ink
Dimensions
  • image height 275mm,
  • image length 488mm
Support
paper has a vertical crease mark down the centre
Inscription
  • verso
  • "August 8 1776"
Object Type
Outline only

Collection
Catalogue Number
FT064
Description Sources
Author's examination of the object

Provenance

Bequeathed by the artist in 1816 to James White (1744–1825) of Exeter, on whose death it passed to Towne’s residuary legatee John Herman Merivale (1779–1844) and his successors. Merivale’s granddaughter Emily Harriet Buckingham (1853–1923) inherited the drawing ca. 1915. It was acquired on 30 September 1935, lot 29, for £1 8s. 6d. (with FT055, FT146, FT564) by Paul Oppé (1878–1957). Oppé’s granddaughter sold it in 1996 with the rest of Paul Oppé’s collection to the present owner, the Tate Gallery, London (T08553).

Associated People & Organisations

Emily Harriet Buckingham (1853 - 1923)
John Herman Merivale (1779 - 1844)
Adolph Paul Oppé (1878 - 1957)
Tate
James White (1744 - 1825)
Exhibition History
76th Annual Exhibition of Water-Colour Drawings, Thomas Agnew & Sons, 1949, no. 5
Francis Towne, Tate Gallery; Leeds City Art Gallery, 24 June 1997 - 4 January 1998, no. 5
Bibliography
Adrian Bury, Francis Towne - Lone Star of Water-Colour Painting, Charles Skilton: London, 1962, p. 148

Comment

Great Fulford House

Great Fulford, seat of the Fulfords since the twelfth century, is just outside Dunsford, around ten miles east of Exeter.1 The lake and surrounding plantation were created in the 1760s by Sir John Fulford (1736–1780), 1st Bt, whose nephew Baldwin inherited the estate and later remodelled the house.2 According to family tradition related by Wilcox,3 Baldwin destroyed all images of its earlier appearance, so any drawing or painting that Towne may have made as a result of this drawing would not have survived. Nonetheless, as the drawing is clearly one created to guide Towne in making a finished picture (for example, compare with FT055 of Ugbrooke), it is likely that such a picture was made.

Towne, evidently unsure of his perspective, has made the two sides of the square house appear flat. What is most noticeable in the drawing is that in 1776 he is already using tight, flat foliage in a style more characteristic of the large preparatory drawings made at the end of the decade (such as FT136, FT138).

by Richard Stephens

Footnotes

  1. 1 'Benjamin Donn, A Map of the County of Devon, Devon and Cornwall Record Society and the University of Exeter: Exeter 1965, plate 6b
  2. 2 The alterations in both house and garden are visible in a print after Hubert Cornish: Great Fulford House, 1804 (West Country Studies Library, Exeter).
  3. 3 'Timothy Wilcox, Francis Towne, Tate Publishing: London, 1997, p.41

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